Double diagnosis is a broad category of mental illness wherein a person suffers from several coexisting disorders, usually a feeling disorder such as depression or stress and anxiety and substance abuse problem like dependence on drug or alcohol. Also referred to as comorbidity or co-occurring disorders, it might affect an individual physically, psychologically and socially.
It is difficult to determine which usually problem led to the other, as any of the two – mental illness plus substance abuse – can develop first. An individual experiencing a mental illness may turn to alcohol or drugs to improve the troubling symptoms they encounter. However , substance abuse only worsens those people symptoms. At the same time, abusing substances may also lead to mental health problems because of the effects drugs have on the person’s mood, behavior and brain chemistry.
Addictions are chronic, deteriorating brain problems that change the brain functioning : with effects of drugs being a lot harmful, and often, self-destructive to the mind. According to a 2014 report from the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA), addictions cost America more than $800 billion annually and causes nearly 90, 000 deaths.
As the identification of mental illness in element abusers is difficult, it is hard to determine if an individual is actually dealing with a dual diagnosis, unless the dependancy has been adequately taken care of.
To this end, the International Conference and Exhibit on Dual Diagnosis, with style “Research strategies, advanced technologies plus innovations in Dual Diagnosis, ” will be held on July 18-19, 2016 in Chicago. It is aimed at achieving addiction recovery and removing psychiatry problems.
How to identify in the event that someone has co-occurring disorders?
Within dual diagnosis, about a third of people experiencing mental illnesses and about half of people living with severe psychological illnesses experience substance abuse, with both getting their own unique symptoms. Individuals suffering from a dual diagnosis often face an array of psychosocial issues and may experience multiple interacting illnesses, so prevalence prices for this disorder are difficult to determine.
A person may encounter a variety of complications as a result of a dual diagnosis, and it takes time to determine what might cause either conditions. Although substance abuse and psychological disorders are closely linked, you can not necessarily influence the other.
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The following symptoms can help identify if there is a reason to find help:
A person may mask the psychiatric symptoms by alcohol or drug use.
The patient’s dependence on a drug or withdrawal from this can give the appearance of some psychiatric illness.
Psychiatric symptoms can occur due to an untreated chemical dependence.
Upon noticing withdrawal from friends and family.
Sudden changes in behavior; engaging in dangerous behaviors when high.
Using elements under dangerous conditions; loss of control more than use of drugs or alcohol.
Developing withdrawal symptoms; feeling as if the individual needs any addictive substance to be able to function.
Treating dual diagnosis
Regardless of which problem developed first, both mental illness and addiction have to be treated simultaneously. The integrated involvement is the most common and the best way of treating dual diagnosis. Since there are different factors leading to a dual analysis, the treatment also may vary from person to person. However , each patient must receive care for the specific mental illness and the drug abuse at the same time.
The treatment involves a combination of medicine, psychotherapy, and self-help and organizations. Of late, role of genetic factors in the development of coexisting disorders provides received a great deal of attention, with optimistic family history being considered a major danger factor for children.
According to the 2015 report by Substance Abuse plus Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA), approximately 8. 9 million adults have co-occurring disorders and only 7. 4 percent of individuals receive treatment for both conditions, with fifty five. 8 percent receiving no treatment at all.
“To help explain this particular comorbidity, we need to first recognize that drug addiction is a mental illness. It is a complex brain disease characterized by compulsive, at times uncontrollable drug craving, searching for, and use despite devastating consequences – behaviors that stem from drug-induced changes in brain framework and function, ” says NIDA director Nora D. Volkow, Meters. D.